For what Reason Would You Go to a Money related Mentor As opposed to a Budgetary Counsel?

Post pobrano z: For what Reason Would You Go to a Money related Mentor As opposed to a Budgetary Counsel?

Prior this year and right away before I surrendered my Money related Administrations Expert authorization to give budgetary counsel I met Bruce and Theresa, my long-standing customers of somewhere in the range of thirty years. The gathering was organized to state goodbye and to close our expert (yet not social) relationship, and to conclude their plans for their retirement.

The gathering went on for the greater part of the day, and while their funds were on the motivation and were managed, a significant part of the gathering spun around how they would live in retirement, what they could and ought to do, how they would keep up family ties, choices about their home and almost all parts of life in retirement. We likewise secured their association with cash, managing specifically with how to change their functioning life demeanor of sparing and reasonability to finding the mettle to invest their energy and cash on benefitting as much as possible from their lives in retirement. While I could show numerically that their pay and resources were more than adequate to enable them to carry on with a satisfied life in retirement, we needed to manage some profound enthusiastic squares to spending, specifically the dread that they would come up short on cash.

This was much more than money-related exhortation. It added up to ‘monetary life instructing’, a generally new expert field that regards cash and life as entwined and is really comprehensive in its approach. It is an approach I began to embrace in 2006 in the wake of preparing with the Kinder Foundation of Life Arranging in the US. In truth, a large portion of my customer intercessions from that point forward has been all-encompassing, instructing mediations. I have discovered that the training component is of far more noteworthy incentive to my customers than orchestrating money-related items, which, inside the setting of most monetary life designs, ought to be basic, minimal effort and commoditized.

Budgetary instructing is for everybody?

I have seen the noteworthy changes that money-related life training can achieve in customers, and I would contend that everybody needs a holistic mentor. As a general rule, the administration is less suited to what Ross Honeywill and Christopher Norton call ‘Traditionals’ and more suited to what they call the ‘New Monetary Request’ (NEO) (Honeywill, Ross, and Norton, Christopher (2012). One hundred thirteen million markets of one. Unique mark Methodologies.), and what James Alexander and the late Robert Duvall in their exploration for the dispatch of Zopa (the primary shared loaning business) called ‘Freeformers’ (Computerized Thought Pioneers: Robert Duvall, distributed by the Advanced Technique Counseling).

Two sorts of buyer

These qualifications are imperative with regards to a key idea about cash, which I will cover in a matter of seconds. In the first place, let’s think about the contrasts between the two gatherings. Honeywell and Norton portray ‘Traditionals’ as essentially intrigued by the arrangement, highlights and status. A sub-gathering of ‘Traditionals’ is ‘High Status Traditionals’ for whom status is the most elevated need. They refer to Donald Trump as the encapsulation of a High Status Customary.

Honeywill and Norton differentiate ‘Traditionals’ with NEOs. As indicated by the creators, NEOs purchase for legitimacy, provenance, uniqueness and revelation. They will probably begin their own particular business, are typically graduates, see the web as a ground-breaking instrument for streamlining their lives, comprehend contributing (cash and by and by), and are repelled by obvious utilization. They are exceedingly individual and express their own particular individual qualities through what they say, purchase, do and who they do it with.

Honeywill and Norton found NEOs in the US and expounded on them in 2012 yet Robert Duvall and James Alexander touched base at a comparable idea in the UK in the mid-2000s. In their exploration preceding propelling Zopa, Duvall, and Alexander distinguished a gathering of individuals they called ‘Freeformers’, another kind of shopper ‘characterized by their qualities and convictions, the decisions they make, where they spend their Cashfloat alternative. They decline to be characterized by anybody, they don’t confide in organizations or the state. They esteem realness in what they purchase and they need to lead “credible” lives.’ Duvall and Alexander saw these individuals as the center of an IT society in view of self-articulation, decision, flexibility, and distinction.

Two states of mind to cash

In my own particular vocation as a budgetary guide, organizer and mentor I have recognized two winning dispositions to cash. There are the individuals who consider cash to be an end in itself and the individuals who consider cash to be an unfortunate chore. I can’t confess to having done natty gritty research on this, yet I have seen enough to make a sensible suspicion, to be specific that it is the Traditional who consider cash to be an end in itself, and the Free formers consider cash to be an unfortunate obligation. (At the danger of disquieting Messrs.’ Honeywill and Norton and cognizant that NEOs and Freeformers are not the very same, I am will allude to both basically as Freeformers in whatever is left of this paper as I feel the word is a superior and more suggestive portrayal of the species than NEOs.)

In exceptionally broad terms, Traditional are resolved to profiting go beyond what many would consider possible by getting the best arrangements and highlights. Mentally, they compare cash with self-image and status. On the other hand, Freeformers utilize their cash to accomplish their uniqueness and credibility and to express their qualities. While they don’t spend totally independent of cost, their spending criteria are composed as far as genuineness, provenance, plan, uniqueness, and disclosure.

Mapping states of mind to life and cash

In my own particular experience, Traditionals react to money related guidance, however not monetary arranging or training, while Freeformers just begin to esteem budgetary exhortation when it is bolstered by an individual and remarkable life and budgetary arrangement conceived out of a profound instructing and arranging process.

Putting it another way, Freeformers comprehend that the connection amongst life and cash dives deep, so react well to training that tends to their life and cash. Traditional, then again, don’t harbor such a great association amongst life and cash, and are less inclined to react to the idea of ‘monetary life instructing.’ Traditional shape the key market for budgetary administrations establishments and bundled items, particularly those that give bargains (rebates/focused expenses), highlights (benefits designs with adaptability, for example) and status (high hazard, significant yields). Freeformers will probably choose a stage (an online support of total every one of their speculations and expense wrappers) and focus on choosing ventures to suit their qualities and objectives.

The range of assistance with individual funds

In the UK and different parts of the world, you would now be able to discover a wide range of types of assistance for your own funds. It’s a wide range with budgetary guidance toward one side and money related life training at the other. In the middle of, families and people can get to monetary arranging, direction, preparing, tutoring and instruction. Obviously, none of these are totally unrelated and a few firms or associations will give a blend so it is essential to comprehend what is accessible and the points of confinement and advantages of each.

Money related counsel

Money related counsel is item situated. In the UK the Money related Direct Expert (FCA), which controls individual budgetary counsel, characterizes monetary exhortation as guidance to purchase, offer or switch a monetary item. While there is an administrative necessity to ‘know your client’ and guarantee any exhortation is ‘appropriate’, the push of monetary guidance is the offer of items.

A money related consultant must be approved by the FCA and comply with its runbook.

Monetary arranging

Monetary arranging goes further than money-related exhortation. It expects to determine a customer’s short, medium and long-haul money related objectives and build up an arrangement to meet them. The arrangement ought to be thorough and comprehensive. It should cover all zones of the customer’s close to home and family funds and proposals in any piece of the arrangement ought to keep up the respectability of the arrangement all in all.

The Money related Arranging Norms Board (which sets the principles for the worldwide Affirmed Budgetary Arranging capability) characterizes a six-stage monetary arranging process:

  1. Build up and characterize the customer relationship.
  2. Gather the customer’s data.
  3. Break down and survey the customer’s money related status.
  4. Create monetary arranging suggestions and present them to the customer.
  5. Execute the monetary arranging proposals.
  6. Audit the customer’s circumstance.

Albeit one of the practices in Stage 2 is to ‘Distinguish the customer’s close to home and monetary targets, needs and needs’, the procedure is essentially about back as opposed to life.

3 Mistakes You Should Avoid in Your Freelance Web Designer Career

Post pobrano z: 3 Mistakes You Should Avoid in Your Freelance Web Designer Career

On the good days, becoming a freelance web designer might look like the best decision you’ve made in your life. You don’t have a boss, you can set your own hours, you have a lot of flexibility, and you’re a part of a growing movement that’s transforming the way work is being done across the world.

On the bad days, however, things look completely different. It’s not easy to be a successful freelancer. You can easily end up working more hours than you would with a traditional job. You can get into deep financial problems. You can have very little control over your business and personal life.

It’s not always easy to be a freelancer. But if you know what mistakes you need to avoid, you can have a fighting chance to develop a decent career as a freelance web designer.

Leaving the Wrong First Impression

You probably already have a sense of the importance of first impressions. It even seeps into your line of work — people who visit the websites you design will form an opinion on them in seconds. If the opinion isn’t good, they won’t stick around. Your interactions with clients follow the same pattern.

It’s tricky to manage first impressions, especially if you’re only communicating with your clients through online channels. But you shouldn’t leave things up to pure chance and your current mood. It would be much better if you learned at least the basics of business communication and work them into your routine.

For example, you shouldn’t take more than one business day to answer an email. But it’s also not a good idea to answer emails right away. That’s why you schedule exact times when you read and reply to emails. You won’t seem unprofessional or undisciplined, but you also won’t seem too eager and desperate.

Failing to Demonstrate Additional Value

Freelance workers spend a significant amount of time managing client relationships. You have to attract clients. You need to make the good clients stay. You need to make the bad clients leave. You need to figure out ways to get more money from your clients.

If you’re not using all that communication to demonstrate value beyond what’s asked of you, you’re making a big mistake. You don’t have to perform work for free, but you should never skip an opportunity to give advice to the clients that matter the most to you.

For example, you are contracted to create a website, but you notice that the hosting package your client uses isn’t what they need. You can say nothing. But you can also speak up, explain to them the different hosting options they have, and let them decide. Even sending them a link to a good article could help them. And you get their loyalty in return.

Getting Too Comfortable

When you get the hang of the whole freelancing thing, you’ll probably reach a point where your career is very okay. You’re not doing challenging work and earning tons of money, so it’s not great. But you’re not having problems with paying the bills, and you got used to the people you’re working with.

That’s the point where you need to shake things up, a lot. Complacency is a luxury you cannot afford as a freelancer. If you’re not striving for something, you’re missing out on opportunities. It’s a hungry mentality, sure, but it will serve you well until you reach a point where you can safely rest on your laurels. Until then, you must stay hungry.

If you find yourself with a couple of steady clients that allow you to make a decent living, don’t sit back and relax. Find another client that will need you to do more challenging work. Or do some work pro bono, especially if it’s for a cause you’re passionate about, or if it will look good in your portfolio. Get yourself in a position that will open new opportunities.

Being a freelance web designer means that everything is up to you. You have to find your own clients. You have to figure out how much to charge them. You have to find ways to pay for health and social insurance. You have to create your own pension plan. To some people, that kind of a deal sounds appealing. To others, it can be their worst nightmare. If you want to succeed as a freelance web designer, better be sure that you’re one of the former. And then work on your skills, self-discipline, and understanding of the business.

5 Tips for iOS App Designers

Post pobrano z: 5 Tips for iOS App Designers

Due to the increase in new phone users, app developers need to understand that everything is obvious. App users evolve, meaning some might assume any minor changes while others eagerly wait for them. With two main operating systems in the phone market, it’s definite that iOS developers need to keep up with the changes.

Since the platform has lots of users, like term paper writers, coders, among others. The developers should factor in all of their needs and ensure they’re met. Below is a guide which iOS developers should use when creating their apps.

1.    UI Design

As a developer, your primary goal should be pleasing to the user. Therefore, with an improved, unique app design, you’ve accomplished the first step towards user satisfaction. With the UI design, you entice the user into wanting to use more of your app. Meaning that they get to spend more time on the app. Something which will be ideal for collecting feedback on any bugs which might be available.

Nonetheless, you have to ensure that address all the security compliance issues. Addressing this ensures that you give the user enough cybersecurity. Thus ensuring that their information cannot be hacked through your application. Besides, the information which you collect will be used only towards making the entire app experience better.

2.    Color Schemes

Follow the latest trends when developing any new app. Currently, you’ll find that as for the color schemes, most users prefer monotone. Therefore, take advantage of this, use a single color and either a black or white font. The fun with this is that you can choose any bold color to make your app unique. However, don’t go overboard when choosing the colors. Ensure that it’ll entice both you and your users.

If you’re not sure as per the best color scheme for your app, give your users the ability to customize the colors. It’s something which most of the Android users have on their platform. Copying such a strategy will submerge an iOS user more into your app, thus increasing the overall traffic.

3.    Navigation

Even if we might be moving towards the gesture future, ensure the user can easily navigate the application. In the app, add more cues which the user can find when going back, home, minimizing, next, amongst others. Make it easy for the user to navigate through the app and you’ll get no complaints.

4.    Animation

App animation has been there for ages. Implementing it wisely is something which most haven’t been able to do. Therefore, ensure that there’s not too much animation or even loo less. It should be something which the user will notice and like. With too much notification, you end up making the device lag. Something which you have to avoid by all means.

5.    Micro-Interactions

Some users might never detect these, but they’ll affect the smoothness of the app. For example, when in your app and the user finds an interesting link, ensure that they can directly visit the link with no hassle. That is if a student were to come across a Myhomeworkdone link on your app, ensure they get to access the website.


Through this, you’re confident that you’ve developed an application which your users will love. Therefore, take time to look into any of the minor details. Look also into any of the upcoming trends and adjust accordingly. You get to evolve with time and ensure that the app users are delighted in every step.

Nonetheless, it’ll be a fun process for you. You get to learn more about your users and always get to work on any bugs you encounter. Besides, the more the app traffic grows, the more feedback you attain, thus making your app development easier.

4 Benefits Of Solar LED Lights For Parking Lots

Post pobrano z: 4 Benefits Of Solar LED Lights For Parking Lots

The future is solar LED lights. You will see them in the parking lots and other large areas around a city. They are cheap and save a good deal of money on electricity bills. Nowadays, the majority of parking lots feature the conventional lights that get their power from the grid. These products are not efficient and add to the environmental pollution. Let’s take a look at some of the prominent benefits of solar LED lights.

1. Energy Efficiency

Solar LED lights are a bit more expensive than the traditional lights but they offer a lot higher return on investment. According to statistics, they are 500% more efficient and stand the test of time. Since they get their power from the sun, they are a lot more efficient.

If you want to figure out the cost of power consumption, all you need to do is multiply the power of all the units of light with the number of hours the light will operate for. Usually, the cost lies between 10 and 20 dollars for each unit on a monthly basis.

2. Smart Technology

With smart technology, solar operators can configure lighting schedules from a remote area. Moreover, they feature smart gadgets as well. They can serve as powerful anti-theft devices and data collectors for the internet of things or large data banks.

3. Luminosity

Why do we get lights? It’s simple. We need lights for the purpose of luminosity. Although watts is the measure of power something consumes, luminosity measures the brightness of light that a bulb produces.

Traditionally, watts represent the brightness of a source of light. On the other hand, solar LED lights have a different convection. As far as efficiency is concerned, they are 400% more efficient. With the help of smart technology, it’s possible to get a better control over the lighting systems that is installed outdoors.

Apart from this, you can increase or decrease the amount of brightness easily. It’s possible to provide the right amount of light in the right area.

4. Environmental Advantages

There are a lot of environmental advantages of the solar LED lights. As a matter of fact, traditional ones get their power from the grid. In the grid, power is produced through fossil fuels, which emits a good deal of pollution in the air. And we don’t need to explain how pollution can cause a lot of health issues.

Since solar energy is 100% clean with zero side effects, it is the future. Moreover, fossil fuel will become scarcer over the passage of time. Research in the world of solar power may bring the prices down in the future.

The installation process for solar LED lights is quite simple. The cost is lower and efficiency is higher.

So, these are a few main benefits of installing solar LED lights in the parking lots. The cost of energy is rising. To help solve this problem, we should turn to the renewable sources of power and solar power is one of them.



Post pobrano z: itty.bitty

Mark this down as one of the strangest things I’ve seen in a good long while. Nicholas Jitkoff has made a tool called itty.bitty that creates websites with all of the assets being contained within their own link. You can create a website without any HTML or CSS resources at all because it’s all been base64 encoded into the URL itself.

Take this crazy looking URL, for example:

This link contains all of the HTML and CSS that makes up the website. The really cool thing about this is that you don’t need a server to make an itty.bitty site — once you paste the link above into the browser it’ll fetch some code from the itty bitty domain then extract and inflate the data from there.

I’m not entirely sure how useful this is but it’s certainly a novel concept to me! Go ahead and start making your own itty.bitty sites.

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Hyperlinking Beyond the Web

Post pobrano z: Hyperlinking Beyond the Web

Hyperlinks are the oldest and the most popular feature of the web. The word hypertext (which is the ht in http/s) means text having hyperlinks. The ability to link to other people’s hypertext made the web, a web — a set of connected pages. This fundamental feature has made the web a very powerful platform and it is obvious that the world of apps needs this feature. All modern platforms support a way for apps to register a URI (custom protocol) and also have universal links (handling web links in an app).

Let’s see why we’d want to take advantage of this feature and how to do it.

Why have app links at all?

Creating URIs that apps can open provides a unique set of benefits. A URL encapsulates the entire state of the webpage (it used to before the advent of Single Page Applications (SPAs) heavy with JavaScript and even in them, it is best practice to maintain this functionality) or a web application and it is advisable to have routing in applications so that a URL navigation is never broken. URLs have allowed browsers to have consistent back and forward buttons and reload and bookmark pages. And things like Google’s search depend on webpage addresses and web applications to navigate users to the correct place. Allowing applications to open URLs provides a way to link content and functionality in your application from other applications, websites and even internally within the application, like help/tutorial pages.

Trivia! Desktop applications have had hyperlinks even before the world wide web like Hypercard on the Mac in 1987 and Windows Help in 1990. The revolutionary thing about hyperlinks in the web is that you can link content that was created and is owned by others. This concept of cross app linking was not popular in traditional platforms until the rise of smartphones.

App links over the command line

There is already a shell for the command line interface and it supports passing arguments, redirecting the results from one application to anther, and even scripting. Still, the need for having support for hyperlinks is desirable for various reasons:

  • Security: The command line script is too complicated to get right. It is very risky to expect users of technology (who are not developers) to understand how to sanitize a command line script and make sure that the script does not accidentally call something, like rm -rf ~/Documents. The command line is not sand-boxed and though it provides a power, it puts responsibility on users and is prone to exploits.
  • Browser support: The browser cannot provide the command line interface. It is built to run untrusted third party code in a sandbox and that cannot be broken. And, if we don’t respect the rules of web technology, the app would silo itself out of the Internet. That is too much to lose.
  • Mobile: In the world of mobile, a touch keyboard is not as good and intuitive as the physical ones used on the desktop. Therefore, even if command line was present, it would be very difficult to use. All the power of redirection and chaining is not as effective as it is over a keyboard-based command line. A simpler solution like URL is more desirable in this context.
  • State: Theoretically, the command line interface can provide a way to have the application available in any state. But, practically, it was built for a separate purpose: to launch the application to perform a task and then return with a code. Additionally, it was de-prioritized by the GUIs in Windows and Mac. Many applications (like Microsoft Word and Adobe Photoshop) never had full-fledged command line support. They are not even present in the environment PATH and need the full path to be launched. URIs provide a fresh way to look at connecting information as well as functionality between applications. They are a secure, modern way of inter-app communication where the user does not have to think.

Linking Terminology

Deep Link

Deep link is the concept where a specific page/functionality within the website/application can be linked to. For example, is a deep link for this page within the broader link. Unlike superficial links that open applications, deep links open the application in a specific state, with passed data, ready to be consumed. Custom URI (described below) were the first ways to achieve deep linking within the app and „deep linking” in many contexts is now synonymous with custom URI, though it can also mean Universal links.

Custom URI

The web always had certain custom URIs that linked to default applications, like and tel:1234567890 for email and telephone, respectively. It was an obvious choice to extend this and all major platforms provide a way for an app to register a URI protocol — like css-tricks://<link details> — that can open a deep linked native application. It should encapsulate the entire state and provide all routing benefits to open the app if it is available on the system. These provide a good interface for inter-app communication when the application is already installed and the desire is to open the user’s preferred application (like the browser or email client) that implements the desired protocol.

Custom URIs are great for the class of applications where the user wants to have a choice to select an app to perform a certain choice, but they are not great for the task of linking the website to the native application due to the following reasons:

  • Installation: Unlike the web, native apps need installation and, if they are not installed, you have two options: send the user to the app store (which also provides a custom URI) or properly fall back. Both these tasks require additional code which the URI does not encapsulate. The app store URI would be another separate URI that we need to store. Additionally, we have to detect whether the app is installed, which requires navigating to the URI and handling the error in navigation akin to a 404 since the protocol is not registered. This is not as simple as an anchor tag (<a href="{URL}"></a>) and, therefore, is a frequent source of developer complaints.
  • Lack of a central registry: Even if everything is done perfectly right, users can still be thrown into an application that they should not have been linked to. Unlike the DNS system (which guarantees uniqueness of domain names), application platforms do not have a central repository. So, multiple apps could register csstricks as a custom URI. Now, someone else could also register the same URI as one app and if the other application is installed on the system instead of the desired one, it could launch instead. The freedom of a custom URI for app selection works against the case where we always want to open a specific application.
  • Third Party Linking: Giving a custom URI to third parties because of the issues we’ve covered above is cumbersome and verifying them is painful. It is also a new protocol. Every website has links to the web content and updating the entirety of the Internet is not possible. It may not even be desired for SEO purposes.

Therefore, if we want to give the user the experience where the app is the preferred way to view content, custom URIs are not the perfect solution. This can be mitigated with smart app banners to some extent, where the banner would be displayed when the browser gets the custom URI and the app store link to identify the application. But this will not be seamless.

Trivia! URI and URLs are slightly different by definition, although they are used interchangeably. URI stands for Uniform Resource Identifier which means that it encapsulates everything required to get a resource. URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a special type of URI that identifies the resource on the web. So, technically, a web address is a URL but something like csstricks:// would be just a URI.

These are all possible use cases where a custom URI might make sense:

  • You need to provide a URI that many third party client apps can register. Say you have a git:// in your app and the user’s favorite git client could register that URI and clone the repo when the the link is clicked.
  • You do not have a fully featured website.
  • You need a URI that is easy for users to remember.
  • You are willing to handle all edge cases related to navigation.

You can use custom URIs in parallel to the Universal link we’ll cover next and they can benefit from exposing the custom URL for inter-app communication while leaving the Universal link for the special case of web-to-app navigation. Android officially calls custom URIs deep links.

Control flows for Custom URI, Universal Link and Instant Apps
Universal link, App Link or App URI

The solution to the problem of web-to-app redirection can be solved with the Universal link (as it’s called in Mac and iOS), App Link (as it’s called in Android) or App URI (as it’s called in Windows UWP), which are different names of the same concept. This encapsulates the logic that every website needs to write in order to detect installed apps, launch correct pages and handle navigation failures in the case of custom URLs. It is very similar to the smart app banner in the sense that you need to provide an app store link to the application on your website for verification but it removes all the redundancy. Since the existing http(s) URL already contains the entire state, registering the custom URI is redundant. The original URL could itself navigate to the app with the website providing a fallback experience in case the application is not installed.

Once you register your app with a universal link, when the app is installed, the OS goes to the Internet to figure out the set of links that the app supports. Whenever any of those links get clicked, the native app gets launched instead of the browser. Full addressing support is now available in the application where a more customized experience can be provided falling back to the browser if the application is not installed. On important distinction with universal links is that they do affect regular browsing and therefore the OS providers keep then under tight lock and key.

A few good use cases for Universal links include:

  • You have a fully featured website for a fallback.
  • The desired flow for users is from the website to the app.
  • You have already built up a lot of karma by having content from your website linked around the web.

Instant Link or Deferred Deep Link

Deferred deep links provide the missing piece to the deep links if the user goes on to install the app when the link is opened. The user can be forwarded to the app store and the app store takes care of maintaining the context when the app is eventually launched after installation. This provides continuity in the case where an app is installed. Currently this method is only supported by Android (as Google Play Instant) and it is the option where you want to require users to move from the app to get the desired functionality. The hyperlink system on the web is seamless and clicking on a link gets you to the destination almost instantly (though a lot of things happen behind the scenes). Deferred deep links provide the same functionality for apps where clicking on a link can download the app and launch it with the correct page making all the tasks on app installation as seamless as possible.

You might consider using instant links if:

  • You need the users to use the app and not the website, even if they come from the browser (except for rare cases where they are low on disk space or have turned this feature off to save bandwidth).
  • Your key pages are always up-to-date in your application.
  • OK, always use them. With the extra SEO advantages that Google throws in for instant apps, there is no reason not to enable „instant” apps for an app that has Universal links.

Now that we have a summary of what each term means, let’s see how we can go about creating these on specific platforms.

Setting up application hyperlinks

MacOS and iOS

Custom URI

Registering a custom URI in MacOS and iOS is extremely easy. In Xcode, go to the Info.plist file of the project and select the option URL Types. Create an item of type URL Schemes inside the file where you can add all of the URL schemes you wish to support.

Note: The default URL Identifier filled in by Xcode within URL Types is optional.

URL Scheme in Xcode

For MacOS, you will receive calls to the AppDelegate where you can override the function:

func application(_ application: NSApplication, open urls: [URL]) {
  // Select the first URL in the list of URL to open
  let url = urls[0]; 
  // Log the entire URL
  NSLog("%@", url.absoluteString)
-(void)application:(NSApplication *)application openURLs:(NSArray<NSURL *> *)urls {
  NSLog(@"%@", urls[0].absoluteString);

In iOS, the function to receive the same call in AppDelegate is:

func application(_ app: UIApplication, open url: URL, options: [UIApplicationOpenURLOptionsKey : Any] = [:]) -> Bool {
  NSLog("%@", url.absoluteString)
  return true
-(BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)app openURL:(NSURL *)url options: (NSDictionary<UIApplicationOpenURLOptionsKey,id> *)options {
  NSLog(@"%@", url.absoluteString);
  return true;

The URL type in all these cases contains the usual URL pieces like the path, the query and the search parameters.

Universal Links

Universal links are not supported in MacOS. To get universal links on iOS, you need to be registered with the Apple Developer Program or be an Apple Developer Enterprise Program member. Universal links on iOS are part of a wider concept of associated domains where the secrets of the website, like stored credentials, can be accessed from within the app and Apple does not allow regular Xcode users to dabble with universal links (if you accidentally enable the functionality for your App ID but do not put this in the entitlements, be prepared to get a validation error: ERROR ITMS-90046: „Invalid Code Signing Entitlements”).

Trivia! Universal links are a new concept and many of the Mac and Windows desktop applications are built with their own network stack, do not use the app store and may have been released years ago. Therefore, the OS does not have the control required to force all applications to follow the Universal link concept and open the app. Apple has chosen to not implement Universal Links in MacOS yet, while on Windows they only work in the Microsoft Edge browser and other UWP apps (which use the same technology).

To register for Universal links on iOS, you need to do the following things:

  1. Enable the App ID on the Apple Developer website to get the feature for associated domains.
  2. Add the associated domains to the entitlements file.
  3. Add a apple-app-site-association file to the web domain to provide ownership verification for the application.
  4. Add code to handle clicks on Universal links.

Steps 1 and 2 can be performed together in the Capabilities tab on Xcode if you are signed in and have the right profile selected (which is from an Apple Developer or Enterprise account). The Xcode UI provides an indication that the both items have been completed.

Associated Domains in the Capabilities section in Xcode

In the image above, Step 2 has been successfully completed, while Step 1 is pending. You can click on the exclamation mark to find the issue. It is important to prefix the domain with applinks: (that identifies that you need app links functionality; the same is used for shared credentials). This identifies that the App Link capability has been enabled.

The above steps can also be accomplished individually.

For Step 1, enable Associated Domains in the App ID section on the developer website (shown at the bottom of the image):

Apple Developer website to enable associated domains

For Step 2, add the following to the entitlements file:

Entitlements plist

Now, for Step 3, host a association file apple-app-site-association like with mime type application/json with the following JSON data from the root of your website:

  "applinks": {
    "apps": [],
    "details": {
      "": {
        "paths": [

The above snippet grants the app with ID and provides access to all requests on the domain. Note that this works with https but http is not supported. You can also use an alternative location like for this. This URL is preferred as it can keep the Android, iOS and UWP association files in a safe separate folder that cannot be accidentally deleted.

Trivia! Universal links do not guarantee that the app is opened. If the user goes back to the website from the header in iOS, the OS decides to default to the website from then on until the user decides to use the app by clicking on the header again from Safari.

For Step 4, add the following code to the app:

func application(_ application: UIApplication, continue userActivity: NSUserActivity, restorationHandler: @escaping ([Any]?) -> Void) -> Bool {
  if userActivity.activityType == NSUserActivityTypeBrowsingWeb {
    let url = userActivity.webpageURL!
  return true
-(BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application continueUserActivity:(NSUserActivity *)userActivity restorationHandler:(void (^)(NSArray * _Nullable))restorationHandler {
  if(userActivity.activityType == NSUserActivityTypeBrowsingWeb) {
    NSLog(@"%@", userActivity.webpageURL.absoluteString);
  return true;

Smart app banners on iOS are much simpler and can be added via a simple meta HTML tag in the head section like this:

<meta name="apple-itunes-app" content="app-id=123456789, app-argument=, affiliate-data=optionalAffiliateData">

They call the same method as Custom URIs we covered earlier.

Windows (Traditional)

On the traditional Windows platform (Win32/.NET), the custom URI (called Custom Pluggable Protocol Handler) is the only feature supported. Adding a custom URI in Windows involves adding a registry entry within HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT. The following will open the app with the absolute path given when clicking on a link to css-tricks://<text>. Due to using the command line, this always opens a new instance of the app and does not send the URL to the existing running application.

Registry Entry for providing application name
Registry entry for open command
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

"URL Protocol"=""
@="CSS Tricks (Application name)"



@=""C:\\Windows\\notepad.exe" "%1""

The above launches notepad with the command line argument corresponding to the URL supplied. Be aware that Notepad does not support custom URI and will not know what to do with the URL.

This behave is similar to passing this on the console and the application needs to make sure it properly distinguishes between the argument being a regular CLI or a custom URI, as shown here:

namespace ConsoleApplication1 {
  class Program {
    static void Main(string[] args) {
      if (args.Length > 0 && args[0].IndexOf("css-tricks:") == 0) {
int main(int argc, char*argv[]) {
  if (argc > 1) { // argv[0] is the file name.
    std::string word(argv[1]);
    if (, 11, "css-tricks:") == 0) {
  return 0;

Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

On the Universal Windows Platform, you can use the package manifest to register both the custom URI and the Universal link (called App URI Handler).

Custom URI

Add a protocol declaration in the package.appxmanifest:

Protocol Declaration in package.appxmanifest

The same can be achieved in code:

  <uap:Extension Category="windows.protocol">
    <uap:Protocol Name="css-tricks" DesiredView="default">
      <uap:DisplayName>CSS Tricks</uap:DisplayName>

…and this can now be handled within the app.

protected override void OnActivated(IActivatedEventArgs args) {
  if (args.Kind == ActivationKind.Protocol) {
    var e = args as ProtocolActivatedEventArgs;
// In App.xaml.h
virtual void OnActivated(Windows::ApplicationModel::Activation::IActivatedEventArgs^ e) override;

// In App.xaml.cpp
void App::OnActivated(Windows::ApplicationModel::Activation::IActivatedEventArgs ^ e) {
  if (e->Kind == Windows::ApplicationModel::Activation::ActivationKind::Protocol) {
    auto args = (ProtocolActivatedEventArgs^)e;
    auto url = args->Uri->AbsoluteUri;
Universal Links (App URI)

App URIs are only supported in the Microsoft Edge browser. They do not work in Internet Explorer, Chrome or Firefox. App URIs also have a package entry similar to the custom URI. It is not available in the UI of Visual Studio Code 2017. The package.appxmanifest entries are almost the same:

  <uap3:Extension Category="windows.appUriHandler">
      <uap3:Host Name="" />

If uap3 is not available, it can be added to the Package tag where uap is also defined:


App URI is a relatively new feature of Windows and many UWP projects target older versions of windows as the minimum version. You might need to bump that up in order to support this feature.

Just like iOS, the website needs to verify the ownership of the domain for this to function. The can be done by hosting a file with mime type application/json at the root of your website, like or over https with the content:

  "packageFamilyName": "YourPackageFamilyNameHere",
  "paths": ["*"],
  "excludePaths": ["/none/*", ""]

To get the package family name, run the following in Powershell and search for your package path:


Handling App URIs requires the same code as custom URIs on Windows. By design, all you need to do is see the protocol field in the provided URI and write the corresponding logic.

Just like iOS, Windows users have a choice to disable opening apps. Windows provides registry settings to force apps to open (used for testing) and also a validator tool (located at %windir%\system32\AppHostRegistrationVerifier.exe) to verify if the above settings are correct.


Custom URI

Android has supported custom URIs from the very beginning. This can be done with code. In AndroidManifest.xml add:

<activity android:name=".CustomUriActivity">
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
    <data android:scheme="css-tricks" />

The category DEFAULT is to ensure that there is no user action needed to enable it. BROWSABLE ensures that the custom URIs work in the browser.

This can then be handled in the on creation:

public class CustomUriActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    Intent intent = getIntent();
    if (Intent.ACTION_VIEW.equals(intent.getAction())) {
      Uri uri = intent.getData();
Universal Links

Universal links in Android are very similar to App URIs. Android Studio provides a GUI tool to create this. Go to Tools > App Link Assistant. This will provide the three tasks needed to create app links:

App Link Assistant in Android

For Step 1, enter the URL mapping editor and click on the + button to open the URL mapping dialog:

URL Mapping dialog

Once you click OK, it will show the code that could have been used alternatively in the AndroidManifest.xml:

<activity android:name=".CustomUriActivity">
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
    <data android:scheme="http" android:host=""/>

Note: This exactly the same as as it is for a custom URI. In the Step 2, select the activity you assigned and it will add the code to load the action. The code is also exactly the same as was used for custom URIs above.

In the Step 3, it will generate the JSON file that needs to be added to the website as application/json mime at

  "relation": ["delegate_permission/common.handle_all_urls"],
  "target": {
    "namespace": "css_tricks",
    "package_name": "",

Android Studio automates the fingerprint generation that verifies the application identity. This identity is different for debug and the release version of the application.

Instant Link

Instant apps on Android require minor changes from the App links we covered earlier. To enable instant apps, modify the intent declared above to look like this:

<activity android:name=".CustomUriActivity">
  <intent-filter android:autoVerify="true">
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
    <data android:scheme="http" android:host=""/>
    <data android:scheme="https"/>

This allows both http and https URLs to be associated with the app, and the autoVerify tells the Android (Google Play) store to verify the manifest item automatically. Instant app is a Play Store/Google Chrome feature. The changes on the app are minimal to support this.


Electron apps are traditional MacOS and Windows apps with the chromium runtime. These platforms only support custom URIs that can be enabled without touching the compiled code.

For MacOS, edit info.plist as described in the MacOS section. The events are received by the app object as:

// In main.js
require('electron').app.on('open-url', (event, url) => {

For Windows, add the registry entry as defined in the Windows section. The app will receive the custom URL in process.argv:

// In main.js

In electron, you can load external web pages that can open URLs. If it is desired to handle only those URLs internally, that can be registered via an electron API:

require('electron').protocol.registerHttpProtocol('css-tricks', (req, cb) => {


Going a complete circle, a website can also register custom URIs (like handling mailto: links via a website). Note that these only affect links provided in other websites and have nothing to do with links in other applications. The API is very restrictive and can be used only for a selected link type: web+<insert anything here>. Browsers allow a pre-defined list of top level protocols to be registered:

  • Chrome: mailto, mms, nntp, rtsp, webcal
  • Firefox: bitcoin, geo, im, irc, iris, magnet, mailto, mms, news, sip, sms, smite, ssh, tel, urn, webcal, wti, xmpp

To register a protocol, you need to provide the same domain as the website that registers it (i.e. can register only and not

if (navigator.registerProtocolHandler) {
  navigator.registerProtocolHandler("web+csstricks", "", "CSS Tricks custom URI");

The custom URIs are not indexed by search engines and therefore there is not much use to these apart from handling the links like mailto, webcal etc., that are already present in the web at multiple places.

Wrapping Up

Adding hyperlinks to native apps is an easy and effective way to seamlessly move the user across applications with graceful handling in case the application is not installed. With these links, applications can have provide paths all over the Internet which can be an effective promotional mechanism. Links also give websites a way to provide data and launch the applications on a specific page without the security worries that plague the downloadable files or command line scripts allowing effective tutorials and bug reports. Routing and URLs provide for the core features of the World Wide Web like navigation, the back button, bookmarks and search. Hyperlinks in apps bring these learning from the (almost) 30 years of world wide web to native applications.

The post Hyperlinking Beyond the Web appeared first on CSS-Tricks.

How to Create a Summer Club Flyer in Adobe InDesign

Post pobrano z: How to Create a Summer Club Flyer in Adobe InDesign

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

This stylish flyer is the perfect way to promote club nights, music gigs or festivals this summer. Quick and easy to create using InDesign and Photoshop, it’s also simple to adapt the text to your own content too.

Looking for more easy-to-edit club flyers? These flyer templates on GraphicRiver and Envato Elements come in a huge range of customisable styles.

Ready to party? Awesome! Let’s dive in…

What You’ll Need to Create Your Flyer

You’ll need Adobe InDesign to create the main layout of the flyer, and Adobe Photoshop to edit the paint splash graphic. 

You’ll also need to download the following fonts and images:

Install the font on your computer, and you’re ready to start designing. 

1. How to Set Up the Flyer in InDesign

Step 1

Open up InDesign and go to File > New > Document. Set the Width of the page to 8.5 in and Height to 11 in. Uncheck Facing Pages. 

Add a 0.5 in Margin and a 0.25 in Bleed, before clicking Create

new document

Step 2

Expand the Layers panel (Window > Layers) and double-click on Layer 1. Rename it Background and click OK

Create three more new layers in this order—Palm trees, Paint stroke, and finally Type at the top of the pile.

layer options

Then lock all layers except Background, which we’ll work on first. 

background layer

Step 3

Expand the Swatches panel (Window > Color > Swatches) and choose New Color Swatch from the panel’s main menu. 

Set the levels to C=23 M=16 Y=20 K=1, and click Add and Done

Repeat the process to create two more new CMYK swatches:

  • C=10 M=6 Y=10 K=0
  • C=88 M=46 Y=26 K=10
swatch options

Step 4

Choose New Gradient Swatch from the Swatches panel’s menu.

new gradient swatch

Name the swatch Background Gradient and set the Type to Radial

Click on the left-hand stop on the Gradient Ramp and choose C=23 M=16 Y=20 K=1 from the Swatches menu. Choose the slightly paler swatch, C=10 M=6 Y=10 K=0, for the right-hand stop.

Then click Add and Done.

new gradient swatch

2. How to Build Up Images on Your Flyer

Step 1

Working on the Background layer, use the Rectangle Frame Tool (F) to create an image frame across the whole page, extending it up to the edge of the bleed. 

File > Place, navigate to the aerial view photo, and Open, allowing it to fill the frame. (Note that the original image I used is no longer available, but you should be able to create a very similar effect with the alternative I’ve linked to.)

Double-click inside the frame to select the image directly. Then position and rotate the image so that the woman on the pink ring is in the position shown below. 

place image

Step 2

Use the Rectangle Tool (M) to create a shape over the top, across the whole page, and set the Fill Color of this to Background Gradient. 

background gradient

With the shape selected, go to Object > Effects > Transparency. Set the Mode to Screen and reduce the Opacity to 90%. Click OK

screen mode

Step 3

Open up the acrylic brush strokes image in Photoshop

opened image

Identify the ‘7’ folder in the Layers panel, and select and delete all the other folders except this. 

folders deleted

Step 4

Select the Crop Tool (C) and crop the canvas until it fits around the paint stroke sitting inside the ‘7’ folder.

crop tool

Go to Image > Rotate Canvas > 90 Degrees CW. 

Expand the ‘7’ folder and switch off the visibility of the CHANGE COLOUR layer.

rotate image

Step 5

File > Place the aerial view photo, scaling it and rotating it into the position shown below. 

place image

From the Layers panel, set the photo layer to Multiply


Then drag the photo layer down to sit above the ‘7’ layer, using Alt-Click to attach it to this layer. 

Then head up to File > Save, and save the image as a Photoshop (PSD) image, ready for using in your InDesign flyer. 

photoshop file

Step 6

Head back to your InDesign document, and lock the Background layer. Unlock the Paint stroke layer.

Use the Rectangle Frame Tool (F) to create a tall rectangular frame over the page. File > Place, choose your edited Photoshop image, and Place, allowing it to fill the frame. 

Rotate the image frame slightly to the left to mimic the angle shown below. 

place image

3. How to Format Type on Your Flyer

Step 1

Use the Type Tool (T) to create a small text frame to the left of the image of the woman. 

Type in ‘P’ and from either the top Controls panel or the Character panel (Window > Type & Tables > Character), set the Font to Breymont Bold. Try to size the font so that it matches the height of the pink ring in the photo. 

Set the Font Color to [Paper] from the Swatches panel.

breymont bold

Copy and Paste the text frame, moving it over to the right of the woman. Adjust the text to read ‘OL’.

pool text

Step 2

Create another text frame below ‘POOL’, typing in ‘PARTY’ and setting the Font to Breymont Bold, Size 60 pt. 

Increase the Tracking (letter-spacing) to 920

party text

Add a second text frame below this, typing in the location of the event and setting the Font to Breymont Light, Size 20 pt, Tracking 400

text frame

Highlight any letters which cross over the paint stroke image, and adjust the Font Color of these to [Paper], to help the text stand out. 

paper color

Step 3

Add more text frames below this, detailing the acts playing at the event or other details, setting the Font to Breymont Bold.

breymont font

As before, pull out any crossover text in a [Paper] Font Color. 

paper color

Add a text frame across the bottom margin line, adding details about tickets or a website. 

character panel

Step 4

Choose the Polygon Tool from the Tools panel (you’ll find this inside the Rectangle Tool’s drop-down menu), and click once anywhere onto the page. 

In the Polygon window that opens, set the Number of Sides to 3, and click OK

polygon tool

Move the triangle you’ve created over to the top-right corner of the layout. From the Stroke panel (Window > Stroke) set the Weight to 6 pt, and adjust the Stroke Color to [Paper] from the Swatches panel. 


Step 5

Add a text frame over the top of the triangle, typing in the date and setting the Font to Breymont Bold.

Add a second text frame below, and type in the month, setting the Font to Breymont Light.

Set the Font Color of both frames to C=88 M=46 Y=26 K=10. 

august text

4. How to Add a Tropical Touch to Your Flyer

Step 1

Lock the Type layer and unlock the Palm trees layer below. 

Create an image frame using the Rectangle Frame Tool (F) behind the top-right side of the paint stroke image. File > Place, and navigate to the ‘36_Tropical_leaves_vector.eps’ image, scaling it so that just one leaf is visible in the frame.

Allow the leaf to peek out from behind the paint stroke. 

palm trees

Step 2

Copy and Paste the image frame, and move it over to the middle left side of the paint stroke, rotating the image slightly so that it fans out from behind the paint stroke. 

palm trees

Paste a couple more image frames and position them over on the right side again, creating a built-up fan effect. 

palm trees

5. How to Export Your Flyer for Print

Step 1 

Your flyer artwork is finished, and ready for exporting to a print-ready format. 

To do this, go to File > Export. Name the file ‘Pool Party Flyer’, and choose Adobe PDF (Print) from the Format drop-down menu. Click Save

adobe pdf export

Step 2

In the Export Adobe PDF window that opens choose Press Quality from the Adobe PDF Preset menu at the top. 

press quality

Click on Marks and Bleeds in the panel’s left-hand menu. Check both All Printer’s Marks and Use Document Bleed Settings. 

Then click Export

marks and bleeds

InDesign will generate a press-ready PDF you can send straight off to be professionally printed. Great job!

Conclusion: Your Finished Flyer

Your flyer is finished and printed, and ready for distributing, awesome work!

In this tutorial, you’ve picked up some handy skills for applying to InDesign and other print projects in the future. You now know how to:

  • Create flyer layouts in Adobe InDesign.
  • Edit images in Photoshop to add cool graphics to your layouts.
  • Format typography to a high standard.
  • Export your artwork for professional printing.

Looking for more club flyer designs? These easy-to-edit templates on GraphicRiver and Envato Elements come in a huge range of styles and customisable designs.

final flyer

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